Every year, on the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women (Nov. 25), we are reminded how every day women and girls experience violence in their lives.
Women are beaten in their homes, harassed on the streets, bullied on the Internet. Globally, one in three women will experience physical or sexual violence at some point in her life. The World Health Organization has declared violence against women to be a global health problem of epidemic proportions.
More often than not, violence against women is committed by an intimate partner. Of all women killed in 2012, almost half died at the hands of a partner or family member. It is not an exaggeration but a fact that the overall greatest threat to women’s lives is men — and often the men they love.
In some conflict situations, it may be more dangerous to be a girl or a woman than to be a soldier. Violence against women has become a deadly global epidemic, despite increasing awareness of the crisis.
And yet we know how violence against women can be eliminated. In 1995, close to 20 years ago, 189 governments came together in Beijing. They adopted a Platform for Action that spelled out key strategies for governments, civil society, the private sector, international partners and all stakeholders to end violence against women, empower women and achieve gender equality. Last year, the UN Commission on the Status of Women further defined what needs to be done.
This includes effective prevention strategies that address the root causes of gender inequality and the lower status of women in all spheres of life. Whether it is in the economy or in the political sphere, women continue to be disadvantaged and marginalized. Instead, we need families, communities and nations where women and men are equally valued and where women can participate fully.
This includes better services for women surviving violence. Hotlines, shelters, legal advice, access to justice, counseling, police protection and health services should be readily available, without fear of stigmatization or discrimination.
This includes more accurate reporting rates, better data collection and strengthened analyses of risk and prevalence factors.
This includes greater support for women’s organizations, which are often on the frontline of the response. They advocate for policy change, they provide technical expertise to enhance the response and they deliver absolutely critical services to survivors.
This includes having more men and boys standing up against violence, denouncing it and stopping it. Male leaders, including traditional and religious leaders, must show the way. They must support efforts to end impunity and ensure justice for those attacked.
UN Women has launched #HeForShe, a global campaign to engage men and boys as advocates and agents of change for the achievement of gender equality and women’s rights. Close to 200,000 men have already signed; now is the time for all men who believe in gender equality to take action.
A global review of progress and gaps in implementing the Beijing Platform for Action is underway and more than 150 governments have sent national reports. Preliminary data show that many countries have introduced laws to prohibit, criminalize and prevent violence against women. Yet implementation and enforcement of these laws are grossly inadequate. Reporting of violence remains low and impunity for perpetrators remains high. Not enough resources are targeted at provision of quality services and effective prevention strategies. We must call for action and help with implementation.
Moving forward, we must ensure that efforts to stop violence against women are adopted as urgent global priorities. Next year, after the endpoint of the Millennium Development Goals, a new roadmap for development will be adopted by the international community. Ending violence against women and girls must have a central place in this new framework.
From November 25, the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, to December 10, Human Rights Day, the 16 Days of Activism against Gender-Based Violence Campaign is a time to galvanize action to end violence against women and girls around the world.
This year, the UN Secretary-General’s Campaign UNiTE to End Violence against Women invites you to “Orange YOUR Neighborhood.” Take the UNiTE campaign to local streets, shops and businesses, and organize “Orange Events” in your own neighborhoods between November 25 and December 10, 2014. For more information on how to get involved, click here.
The promises from 20 years ago are still valid today. Together we must make 2015 the year that marks the beginning of the end of gender inequality. Now is the time for action. Now is the time to end violence against women and girls everywhere in the world.